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TOM FRANCIS
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Hello! I'm Tom. I designed a game called Gunpoint, about rewiring things and punching people, and now I'm working on a new one called Heat Signature, about sneaking aboard randomly generated spaceships. Here's some more info on all the games I've worked on, here's the podcast I do, here are the videos I make on YouTube, here are some of the articles I wrote for PC Gamer, and here are two short stories I wrote for the Machine of Death collections.

Theme

By me. Uses Adaptive Images by Matt Wilcox.

Rewarding Creative Play Styles In Hitman

Postcards From Far Cry Primal

Solving XCOM’s Snowball Problem

Kill Zone And Bladestorm

An Idea For More Flexible Indie Game Awards

Teaching Heat Signature’s Ship Generator To Think In Sectors

What Works And Why: Multiple Routes In Deus Ex

Natural Numbers In Game Design

Naming Drugs Honestly In Big Pharma

Writing vs Programming

Let Me Show You How To Make A Game

New Heat Signature Video: Galaxies, Suction And Wrench-Throwing

What Works And Why: Nonlinear Storytelling In Her Story

My Idea For An ‘Unconventional Weapon’ Game

From Gunpoint To Heat Signature: A Narrative Journey

The Cost Of Simplifying Conversations In Videogames

What Works And Why: Invisible Inc

Our Super Game Jam Episode Is Out

What Works And Why: Sauron’s Army

Showing Heat Signature At Fantastic Arcade And EGX

What I’m Working On And What I’ve Done

The Formula For An Episode Of Murder, She Wrote

Heat Signature Needs An Artist And A Composer

Improving Heat Signature’s Randomly Generated Ships, Inside And Out

Gunpoint Patch: New Engine, Steam Workshop, And More

Distance: A Visual Short Story For The Space Cowboy Game Jam

Raising An Army Of Flying Dogs In The Magic Circle

Floating Point Is Out! And Free! On Steam! Watch A Trailer!

Drawing With Gravity In Floating Point

What’s Your Fault?

The Randomised Tactical Elegance Of Hoplite

Here I Am Being Interviewed By Steve Gaynor For Tone Control

Heat Signature: A Game About Sneaking Aboard Randomly Generated Spaceships

The Grappling Hook Game, Dev Log 6: The Accomplice

A Story Of Heroism In Alien Swarm

One Desperate Battle In FTL

To Hell And Back In Spelunky

Games Vs Story 2

Gunpoint Development Breakdown

Five Things I Learned About Game Criticism In Nine Years At PC Gamer

My Short Story For The Second Machine Of Death Collection

Not Being An Asshole In An Argument

Playing Skyrim With Nothing But Illusion

How Mainstream Games Butchered Themselves, And Why It’s My Fault

A Short Script For An Animated 60s Heist Movie

The Magical Logic Of Dark Messiah’s Boot

Arguing On The Internet

Shopstorm, A Spelunky Story

Why Are Stealth Games Cool?

E3’s Violence Overload, Versus Gaming’s Usual Violence Overload

The Suspicious Developments manifesto

GDC Talk: How To Explain Your Game To An Asshole

Listening To Your Sound Effects For Gunpoint

Understanding Your Brain

What Makes Games Good

A Story Of Plane Seats And Class

Deckard: Blade Runner, Moron

Avoiding Suspicion At The US Embassy

An Idea For A Better Open World Game

A Different Way To Level Up

How I Would Have Ended BioShock

My Script For A Team Fortress 2 Short About The Spy

Team Fortress 2 Unlockable Weapon Ideas

Don’t Make Me Play Football Manager

EVE’s Assassins And The Kill That Shocked A Galaxy

My Galactic Civilizations 2 War Diary

I Played Through Episode Two Holding A Goddamn Gnome

My Short Story For The Machine Of Death Collection

Blood Money And Sex

A Woman’s Life In Search Queries

First Night, Second Life

SWAT 4: The Movie Script

What To Do If Your Prototype Isn’t Fun

I got an e-mail today from a developer who’s having trouble making any of their prototypes fun. I’m posting my reply here in case it’s of help to anyone else. This developer was writing because they liked Gunpoint, so that’s why all my examples are from that.

I would suggest three things to bear in mind:

1. Don’t judge one prototype mechanic against a whole finished game

I don’t know if you’ve played the early prototypes in the DLC, but the first versions of Gunpoint didn’t have much going for them. I had you trying to jump on guards who turned around at random intervals, killing you instantly. By itself the jump wasn’t particularly interesting, but once I’d got it useable that’s when I added stuff like pouncing on guards and punching them, climbing on walls and mantling round corners. I didn’t know if any of these things would be particularly good, but as it turned out the punching bit was an unexpected highlight. It still wasn’t what you’d call ‘a fun game’, though, it needed years of thought and design and testing and redesign to make it all hang together.

For a long time the Crosslink was just a theoretically interesting idea, most testers just said it had ‘potential’. It was pretty empty by itself, and it took a long time and lots of trial and error to design levels that managed to present interesting obstacles to your rewiring ability, without forcing you down a single path.

2. Fun doesn’t come from game logic / mechanics alone

The first thing that really felt ‘fun’ about Gunpoint was that endlessly punching guards thing, which isn’t mechanically interesting at all. There was no advantage to doing it, I just didn’t see a reason to prevent you. I found a sound effect of a belt being whipped, and drew an incredibly crude 2 frame animation, and something about the suddenness of that with the weirdly slap-like noise was funny, and being able to do it as rapidly as you could click was satisfying, and it worked. But the punching is not a good idea, it has no interesting implications or consequences, I just got lucky with the sound effect and some placeholder animation. So don’t expect an idea to feel fun right away if it doesn’t have those trappings yet.

3. Figure out some smaller, specific, achievable goals

‘Fun’ is a big nebulous thing with many components, and it’s hard to approach without breaking it down. You’ll have to figure out for yourself what specific types of things you find fun, but as an example my checklist is something like this:

Single, inherently satisfying actions: eg. throwing yourself through a plate glass window, or punching a guard in the face. These don’t have to be smart or interesting, and they usually only get fun once they have sound and maybe some basic animation or tweaking of their presentation. It’s quite easy to stumble on these through random experimentation.

Some kind of special player ability: pretty much every game idea I get excited about starts with the words “You can…” For me it usually ends up being something you can’t do in real life, but it doesn’t have to be too far fetched: I love Hitman, and that game’s most outlandish ability is “You can dress up as other people”.

Problems with many solutions: whatever it is you can do, I want a) some problem that can be solved with it, b) more than one way to do so, and c) interesting differences between the solutions. C is the tricky part.

If you can figure out what your components of fun are, just pick one and see if you can achieve it. Don’t worry if the other stuff doesn’t arrive fully formed around it, each part might need its own journey through experimentation, testing, revision.

Hope that helps!

Ebreakey: Great article, I personally believe also that another thing that makes up fun in a game is what some people call "game feel" but it's really just making everything fun, for instance making your menus fun to interact with, your visuals and effects interesting and effective etc

You also have to consider why people play your game and what they hope to get out of it, lots of people for example like to feel powerful and badass while others just want to be immersed in a world.

There is a great video on "game feel" by grapefrukt I definetely recommend.

Thanks, -eb

YetiSeekingYeti: I've had this problem so many times, seeing it written about feels great.

I've never tried to think of fun as a combination of smaller goals. I've always had it in my head as something atomic since it feels like such a basic, raw feeling. I've worked a lot with my plan being, "As soon as I can make it fun I'll worry about the rest". Which is probably why I've been disappointed with so many prototypes, despite meeting some of the criteria for a fun mechanic.

I think reading this will be really helpful, thank you!

HeadBobShartBlast: Good point from eBreaky, one of the best examples is yoshi's island on the SNES. From the opening credits to the graphics and especially the game play. It's designed with such integrity. It is feels how it looks, and there are layers and layers of clever. You must play it immediately.

Gunpoint problem?

Don't post them here, I'm a useless idiot! E-mail tech support with as much detail about your system and the problem as possible, and they can actually do something.

Question?

There's a page about the games I've worked on, what I use to make them, and what platforms they're coming to.

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URLs get turned into links automatically. You can use <i>HTML</i> but not [b]forum[/b] code.

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